TABLE 2.

Changing trend of penicillin nonsusceptibility among pneumococcal isolates from Asia

CountryMIC90 (mg/liter)% Nonsusceptible strains (I/R)
Clinical pathogens (n = 685) (2000-2001)Carriage isolatesa (n = 1,105) (1998-1999)Clinical isolatesb (n = 996) (1996-1997)Clinical pathogens (n = 685) (2000-2001)Carriage isolatesa (n = 1,105) (1998-1999)Clinical isolatesb (n = 996) (1996-1997)
Korea4289.7/54.854.5/31.324.3/55.4
China20.060.0619.8/23.413.4/09.8/0
Thailand20.75126.9/26.941.8/3.835.7/22.2
Taiwan41824.6/38.643.5/47.89.3/29.4
India0.030.060.067.8/012.8/03.8/0
Sri Lanka20.90.571.4/14.370.6/5.941.2/0
Singapore22228.6/17.126.8/19.54.9/18.2
Malaysia20.060.069.1/29.58.4/4.96.0/3.0
Vietnam41.5NAc20.6/71.458.2/12.228.2/32.6
Philippines0.250.02NA27.3/02.1/0NA/NA
Saudi Arabia21.5NA20.5/10.334.6/15.4NA/NA
Hong Kong4NANA24.1/43.8NA/NANA/NA
    Total2.360.92.4624.2/27.533.3/12.818.1/17.8
  • a Data are from reference 18.

  • b Data are from reference 29.

  • c NA, not available.