TABLE 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of study population

CharacteristicOverall population (n = 185) (n [%])
Age (yr [range])69 (29–108)
Sex
    Male178 (96)
    Female7 (4)
Race/ethnicity
    Asian1 (1)
    Black/African American64 (36)
    White108 (59)
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander7 (4)
Nursing homes by locationa
    A90 (48.7)
    B26 (14)
    C21 (11.3)
    D15 (8.1)
    E33 (17.8)
Length of stay in nursing home before enrollment (days [range])248 (1–6,235)
Need of assistance145 (86)
Acute-care hospitalization in past 3 mo49 (27)
Device
    Indwelling urinary catheter37 (20)
    External urinary catheter10 (5)
    Ostomy14 (8)
    Feeding tube7 (4)
    Tracheostomy5 (3)
    PICC lineb9 (5)
    Dialysis catheter9 (5)
Any wound65 (35)
Secretion at enrollment
    Stool incontinence26 (14)
    Diarrhea9 (5)
    Heavy wound secretions28 (15)
Antibiotic use at enrollment
    Any45 (24)
    Topical22 (12)
    Systemic27 (15)
  • a Nursing homes were grouped by location and identified as A to E for confidentiality purposes.

  • b PICC, peripherally inserted central catheter.