TABLE 1.

Characteristics of culture-positive patients

CharacteristicHospital survivors (n = 107)Hospital nonsurvivors (n = 50)P value
Age (yr)55.3 ± 17.7a57.4 ± 14.50.468
Gender (no. [%])
    Male52 (48.6)27 (54.0)0.528
    Female55 (51.4)23 (46.0)
Underlying malignancy (no. [%])53 (49.5)30 (60.0)0.221
HIVb positive (no. [%])3 (2.8)1 (2.0)>0.999
Diabetes mellitus (no. [%])11 (10.3)4 (8.0)0.651
Neutropenia (no. [%])18 (16.8)16 (32.0)0.031
Surgery (no. [%])28 (26.2)8 (16.0)0.158
Organ transplant (no. [%])17 (15.9)14 (28.0)0.076
Mean arterial pressure <55 mm Hg (no. [%])21 (19.6)19 (38.0)0.014
APACHE II score12.3 ± 5.517.3 ± 4.8<0.001
White blood cell count (109/liter)9.4 ± 6.87.5 ± 8.30.041
White blood cell count at 72 h (109/liter)8.9 ± 6.17.8 ± 7.30.188
Body temp (°C)37.9 ± 1.237.4 ± 1.10.014
Body temp (°C) at 72 h37.0 ± 0.836.9 ± 0.90.597
Serum creatinine level (mg/dl)1.4 ± 1.22.1 ± 1.50.002
Serum creatinine level (mg/dl) at 72 h1.5 ± 1.42.1 ± 1.20.001
  • a Values are presented as means ± standard deviations.

  • b HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.