TABLE 2.

Processes of medical care for culture-positive patients

ProcessHospital survivor (n = 107)Hospital nonsurvivors (n = 50)P value
Corticosteroid treatment (no. [%])26 (24.3)19 (38.0)0.077
Vasopressors (no. [%])9 (8.4)11 (22.0)0.017
Central vein catheter (no. [%])95 (88.8)44 (88.0)0.886
Central vein catheter daysa32.6 ± 46.5b33.3 ± 54.20.928
Mechanical ventilator (no. [%])21 (19.6)14 (28.0)0.240
Mechanical ventilator daysa1.7 ± 5.74.8 ± 12.00.033
Parenteral nutrition (no. [%])31 (29.0)9 (18.0)0.142
ICUc days (no. [%])a3.6 ± 9.46.6 ± 12.90.011
Hospital days (no. [%])a12.2 ± 14.914.9 ± 13.20.109
Prior antimicrobial therapy (no. [%])83 (77.6)45 (90.0)0.062
Prior antifungal therapy (no. [%])10 (9.3)2 (4.0)0.341
  • a Assessed as days of exposure prior to having the first positive blood sample for culture drawn.

  • b Values are presented as means ± standard deviations.

  • c ICU, intensive care unit.