TABLE 3.

Effect of patient characteristics on hospital costa by univariate analysis

Variable (no. of patients no/no. of patients yes)Median ± SD (range) total hospital costa ($)P valueb
NoYes
Resistant pathogen (469/193)106,293 ± 125,018 (152-924,661)144,414 ± 178,528 (5,191-1,056,054)<0.0001
MDR pathogen (559/103)106,293 ± 128,447 (152-924,662)178,359 ± 198,247 (5,192-1,056,054)<0.0001
ICU stay (164/498)22,904 ± 39,715 (152-230,384)155,209 ± 146,719 (17,192-1,056,054)<0.0001
Gender (244/417)108,294 ± 140,070 (152-1,017,789)121,819 ± 147,405 (174-1,056,054)0.0990
Age < 1 yr (439/166)101,476 ± 150,439 (152-1,056,054)159,035 ± 131,029 (2,680-825,512)<0.0001
Age ≥1 but <12 yr (582/23)115,311 ± 145,611 (152-1,056,054)95,262 ± 173,630 (5,712-624,182)0.2961
Age ≥ 12 yr (189/416)150,610 ± 136,886 (2,680-825,512)101,753 ± 149,279 (152-1,056,054)<0.0001
BSI (452/210)113,115 ± 157,462 (152-1,056,054)116,471 ± 113,619 (2,956-614,990)0.2757
Pneumonia (437/225)82,861 ± 112,403 (152-680,777)175,214 ± 171,641 (36,047-1,056,054)<0.0001
SSI (484/178)152,852 ± 147,997 (182-1,056,054)30,452 ± 89,415 (152-680,777)<0.0001
Otherc (613/48)113,580 ± 147,277 (152-1,056,054)158,559 ± 112,584 (181-624,181)0.1192
Chemotherapy (650/12)116,471 ± 145,569 (152-1,056,054)45,821 ± 70,149 (4,309-215,382)0.0140
Central venous line (517/145)113,580 ± 153,676 (152-1,056,054)116,628 ± 108,460 (4,308-614,990)0.3351
Foley catheter (648/14)113,352 ± 145,921 (152-1,056,054)208,164 ± 71,808 (95,503-381,758)0.0033
Neutropenia (652/10)115,842 ± 145,690 (152-1,056,054)113,722 ± 83,670 (15,985-305,952)0.9230
TPN (584/78)112,947 ± 145,008 (152-1,056,054)149,661 ± 142,223 (17,192-825,512)0.0047
Transplantation (658/4)114,420 ± 136,721 (152-924,662)661,870 ± 443,232 (236,583-1,056,054)0.0031
Ventilator (441/221)82,861 ± 112,032 (152-680,777)177,585 ± 172,440 (36,046-1,056,054)<0.0001
  • a All costs are expressed in 2008 constant dollars.

  • b Significance was determined at the 0.05 level.

  • c Other includes UTIs.