TABLE 2.

Characteristics of the populations studied and prevalence of nasal carriage of CoNS and MR-CoNS

CharacteristicResult by countryP value
AlgeriaMaliMoldovaCambodia
No. of subjects70707070
Avg age (yr)42523932<0.0001
Sex ratio (male/female)1.11.81.21.8NSa
MR-CoNS carriage prevalence (%)28.617.111.431.0<0.05
No. of MR-CoNS strains33191232
Antibiotic resistance prevalence (%)
    Kanamycin59795856NS
    Tobramycin47585844NS
    Gentamicin29585838NS
    Erythromycin32536753NS
    Lincomycin905837<0.0001
    Pristinamycin00339<0.001
    Ofloxacin18585841<0.05
    Fusidic acid501606<0.001
    Fosfomycin6000NS
    Rifampin1253212NS
    Cotrimoxazole35747665NS
    Tetracycline41638356NS
Coresistance score28394233<0.05
  • a NS, not significant.