TABLE 1.

Patients characteristics (n = 555)

Clinical characteristicValue for parameter
No. of male patients (%)264 (47.6)
Median age (yr [range])69 (17-101)
Median Charlson score (range)2.4 (0-12)
No. of patients per ward (%)
    Internal Medicine373 (67.2)
    Geriatrics70 (12.6)
    Cardiology60 (10.8)
    Oncology52 (9.4)
Place of residence before hospitalization (no. of patients [%])
    Home428 (77.1)
    Long-term care facility62 (11.2)
    Other hospital65 (11.7)
No. of patients with previous hospitalization in the last year (%)273 (49.2)
Median number of days since last hospital stay (range)44 (1-365)
Carriage or history of carriage of MDR bacteria (no. of patients [%])94 (16.9)
    MRSA26 (4.7)
    ESBL77 (13.8)
No. of patients having received antibiotics in the last 3 months (%)264 (47.6)
Avg no. of days of antibiotic treatment (range)5 (1-90)
No. of patients (%) that received antibiotic treatment for:
    0 days293 (52.9)
    1-7 days158 (28.5)
    >8 days103 (18.6)
No. of patients (%) that received antibiotic treatment in the last 3 months by type of treatment
    β-Lactam211 (38.4)
    Fluoroquinolone65 (11.7)
    Macrolide36 (6.5)
    Aminoglycoside26 (5.2)
    Glycopeptide13 (2.3)
    Sulfonamide5 (0.9)
    Other15 (2.7)
Avg no. of days since the end of antibiotic treatment14.5
No. of patients (%) without antibiotic treatment for:
    0 days158 (59.4)
    1-30 days79 (29.9)
    31-90 days28 (10.6)