TABLE 2.

Diagnosis and type of antibiotics at study enrollment

VariableNo. (%)
Most common diagnosis for antibiotic prescriptiona
    Pneumonia292 (34)
    Skin infection84 (10)
    Urinary infection80 (9)
    Bacteremia44 (5)
    Meningoencephalitis33 (4)
    Abdominal infection32 (4)
Most common etiological agent(s)b
    Staphylococcus aureus43 (12)
    Enterococci41 (11)
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa42 (11)
    Other gram-positive bacteria113 (31)
    Other gram-negative bacteria124 (34)
Class or type of antibiotic
    Broad-spectrum cephalosporins270 (31)
    Quinolones251 (29)
    Macrolides165 (19)
    Glycopeptides115 (13)
    Carbapenems105 (12)
    Metronidazole/clindamycin74 (9)
    Penicillins37 (4)
    Cotrimoxazole32 (4)
    Rifampin25 (3)
    Linezolid17 (2)
    Narrow-spectrum to expanded-spectrum
        cephalosporins11 (1)
    Chloramphenicol6 (1)
  • a Data available for 856 patients.

  • b Of 864 suspected bacterial infections, 363 (42%) were etiologically proven during hospitalization.