TABLE 1.

Baseline characteristics of pregnant subjects and nonpregnant controls

CharacteristicMean ± SD, median [IQR], or no. (%)P
Pregnant (n = 30)Nonpregnant (n = 30)
Age (yr)26.0 ± 50.925.5 ± 8.90.8
wt (kg)54.0 ± 6.451.8 ± 5.50.16
ht (cm)151 ± 5149 ± 50.17
Axillary temp (°C)36.3 ± 0.536.2 ± 0.70.6
P. falciparum parasitemia13 (43)7 (23)0.1
P. vivax parasitemia2 (7)2 (7)1.0
P. malariae parasitemia2 (6)00.5
Gestational age (wk)22 [20-28]
Gravidity3 [1-5]0 [0-2]<0.001
Parity2 [0-4]0 [0-2]0.03
Respiratory rate (/min)23.3 ± 5.322.9 ± 4.10.7
Supine pulse rate (/min)87.7 ± 11.774.9 ± 8.8<0.001
Supine blood pressure (mm Hg)98 ± 8/60 ± 8100 ± 13/62 ± 90.5
Hemoglobin (g/liter)80 ± 13107 ± 19<0.001
Blood glucose (mmol/liter)4.8 ± 2.05.8 ± 1.50.02