TABLE 3.

Routes of CR-PA colonization of ICU patients

PatientYr of studyCS-PA cloneCR-PA cloneCR-PA phenotype (resistance pattern)Previous carbapenem or fluoroquinolone therapyType of acquisition
12003PPIRImipenemEndogenous
22003JJIRImipenemEndogenous
32003LLMRImipenemEndogenous
42003EEIRImipenem, ciprofloxacinEndogenous
52003KKMRImipenem, ciprofloxacinEndogenous
62003OBMRImipenemExogenous
72003Not isolatedBMRMeropenemExogenous
82003Not isolatedJIRImipenemExogenous
92003Not isolatedJIRUnknownExogenous
102003CHMRImipenemIndeterminate
112003Not isolatedNMRImipenemIndeterminate
122003Not isolatedDIRImipenemIndeterminate
132003Not isolatedOIRImipenemIndeterminate
142003Not isolatedNontypeableMRNone, ciprofloxacinNot evaluated
152003Not isolatedNontypeableMRNoneNot evaluated
162003Not isolatedNontypeableMRUnknownNot evaluated
172003Not isolatedNontypeableMRUnknownNot evaluated
182004TTIRImipenemEndogenous
192004VVIRImipenem, levofloxacinEndogenous
202004QQIRImipenemEndogenous
212004RRIRImipenemEndogenous
222004AAIRImipenemEndogenous
232004UJIRImipenemExogenous
242004SBMRNoneExogenous
252004NontypeableBMRNoneExogenous
262004Not isolatedLMRNone, ciprofloxacinExogenous
272004Not isolatedBMRNoneExogenous
282004Not isolatedYMRNone, ciprofloxacinIndeterminate
292004Not isolatedAAMRImipenem, levofloxacinIndeterminate
302004Not isolatedZMRImipenemIndeterminate