TABLE 1

Characteristics of patients and health care facilitiesa

CharacteristicValues for patients in:
Total (n = 5,357)ACH (n = 2,956)ITCFs (n = 1,244)LTCFs (n = 1,157)
Age (yr)
    Median (IQR)73 (62–81)74 (62–82)73 (63–80)72 (61–82)
    Range21–10621–10625–9927–106
No. (%) of patients >65 yr of age3,607 (67.3)1,989 (67.3)865 (69.5)753 (65.1)
No. (%) of patients by gender
    Male2,876 (53.7)1,626 (55.0)638 (51.3)612 (52.9)
    Female2,481 (46.3)1,330 (45.0)606 (48.7)545 (47.1)
No. (%) of patients by ethnicity
    Chinese4,096 (76.5)2,341 (79.2)1,011 (81.3)744 (64.3)
    Malay713 (13.3)276 (9.3)120 (9.6)317 (27.4)
    Indian412 (7.7)254 (8.6)85 (6.8)73 (6.3)
    Others136 (2.5)85 (2.9)28 (2.3)23 (2.0)
No. (%) of subsidized patients4,995 (93.2)2,709 (91.6)1,130 (90.8)1,156 (99.9)
No. (%) of patients with the following no. of beds per room:
    1446 (8.3)422 (14.3)20 (1.6)4 (0.3)
    2–4392 (7.3)283 (9.6)70 (5.6)39 (3.4)
    5–83,340 (62.4)2,067 (69.9)840 (67.5)433 (37.4)
    >81,179 (22.0)184 (6.2)314 (25.2)681 (58.9)
No. (%) of patients screened for VRE in the following yr:
    20141,673 (31.2)976 (33.0)354 (28.4)343 (29.6)
    20151,794 (33.5)969 (32.8)456 (36.7)369 (31.9)
    20161,890 (35.3)1,011 (34.2)434 (34.9)445 (38.5)
No. (%) of patients with the following source of specimen:
    Rectal swab5,163 (96.4)2,829 (95.7)1,210 (97.3)1,124 (97.2)
    Stool194 (3.6)127 (4.3)34 (2.7)33 (2.8)
No. (%) of patients colonized with VRE523 (9.8)419 (14.2)95 (7.6)9 (0.8)
No. (%) of patients with VRE of the following genotype:
    vanA488 (93.3)390 (93.1)90 (94.7)8 (88.9)
    vanB31 (5.9)28 (6.7)2 (2.1)1 (11.1)
    vanA and vanB4 (0.8)1 (0.2)3 (3.2)0 (0.0)
  • a Abbreviations: ACH, acute-care hospital; ITCFs, intermediate-term care facilities; IQR, interquartile range; LTCFs, long-term care facilities; VRE, vancomycin-resistant enterococci.