Table 1.

Demographic, diagnostic, and clinical features of 20 children with TB

Demographic, diagnostic, or clinical featureValue
Demographic features
    Mean age, yr (SD)1.09 (0.49)
    No. (%) of females9 (45)
    No. (%) M. tuberculosis or AFBa
        culture positive9 (45)
    No. (%) with household TB contact16 (80)
    No. (%) TSTb positive10/19 (53)
    Mean no. of days on anti-TB treatment (SD)106.0 (62.7)
    No. (%) HIV infected5 (25)
    Mean no. of days on cARTc (SD)168.6 (97.7)
Clinical features
    No. (%) with pulmonary TB11 (45)
    No. (%) with extrapulmonary TB9 (45)
    No. (%) with TB meningitis8 (40)
    No. (%) with abdominal TB1 (5)
    No. (%) with hepatomegaly at inclusion11 (55)
Nutritional status
    No. (%) with mass <3rd percentile for age10 (50)
    Mean Z score for wt (SD)−1.74 (1.84)
    Mean BMId (SD)16.02 (2.62)
  • a AFB, acid-fast bacilli.

  • b TST, tuberculin skin test.

  • c cART, combination antiretroviral therapy.

  • d BMI, body mass index.