Table 1

GRE isolates from meat samplesa

Country (prefecture) of originNo. of chicken, pig samplesCorresponding no. of GRE strains/samplesb
vanC1vanC2vanN
Japan (Gunma)30, 1562/21, 6/33/1, 3/10, 0
Japan (Miyazaki)30, 1577/27, 00, 05/1, 0
Japan (Kagoshima)30, 1515/5, 03/1, 00, 0
United States3, 443/1, 00, 00, 0
Brazil71, 0173/59, 00, 00, 0
France6, 00, 00, 00, 0
Philippines5, 013/5, 00, 00, 0
Canada0, 250, 00, 3/10, 0
Denmark0, 190, 00, 2/10, 0
Mexico0, 70, 03/1, 00, 0
Chile0, 30, 00, 0,0, 0
Spain0, 20, 00, 00, 0
Hungary0, 10, 00, 00, 0
Netherlands0, 10, 00, 00, 0
Chicken, pig totals175, 147343/118, 6/39/3, 8/35/1, 0
  • a The vancomycin MICs of GRE isolates were more than 12 mg/liter.

  • b Neither VanA-type nor VanB-type GRE was detected in this study. VanC1-type and VanC2-type resistances are carried naturally by E. gallinarum and E. casseliflavus.