Table 1

Bacteria used in this study

E. coli K-12 strainDescriptionSource or reference
BW25113lacIq rrnBT14 ΔlacZWJ16 hsdR514 ΔaraBADAH33 ΔrhaBADLD7848
MB411hsdR514 glnV44 tryT58 lacY1 galK2 galT22 metB1 trpR55This study
MB4814MB411 F′110 metB+ rpoB+This study
MB4815MB411 F′110 metB+ rpoB+This study
MB4816MB411 F′110–1 metB+ rpoB3 (Rifr)This study
MB4817MB411 F′110–1 metB+ rpoB3 (Rifr)This study