TABLE 2

Factors associated with drug-resistant tuberculosisa

FactorNo. (%) of isolatesDrug-resistant but not MDR TB vs pan-susceptible TBMDR TB vs drug-resistant but not MDR TB
Pan-susceptible TBDrug-resistant but not MDR TBMDR TBOdds ratio (95% CI)P valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Sex
    Male762033ReferenceReference
    Female248101.27 (0.50–3.24)0.620.76 (0.26–2.24)0.62
Age group
    <30 yrs2786ReferenceReference
    30–59 yrs4815321.06 (0.40–2.81)0.912.84 (0.84–9.67)0.09
    ≥60 yrs25550.68 (0.20–2.34)0.531.33 (0.26–681)1.00
Occupation
    Farmer531929ReferenceReference
    Others479140.53 (0.22–1.29)0.161.02 (0.37–2.82)0.97
Treatment
    New cases77146ReferenceReference
    Previously treated cases2314373.35 (1.40–8.03)0.01*6.17 (1.98–19.23)0.00**
  • a CI, confidence interval. *, P < 0.05 (significant); **, P < 0.01 (highly significant).