TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics of children at enrollment by treatment group

CharacteristicValue by treatment group:
AAALDP
No. of patients at admission228228228
Female/male ratio115/113105/123105/123
Mean age in mo (range)35.3 (3–59)33.5 (5–59)33.7 (5–59)
Mean wt in kg (95% CI)12.5 (12.1–12.8)12.5 (12.1–12.9)12.3 (11.9–12.7)
Axillary temp (°C), median (range)37.5 (36.0–40.5)37.2 (36.0–40.8)37.1 (36.0–40.2)
Splenomegaly, no. positive/total no. (%)72/226 (31.9)84/228 (36.8)88/228 (38.6)
Hepatomegaly, no. positive/total no. (%)3/228 (1.32)1/228 (0.44)0/228
No. of P. falciparum parasites/μl
    Median (range)30,066 (2,093–199,840)30,119 (2,040–199,720)35,207 (2,126–199,960)
    Geometric mean (95% CI)25,179 (21,188–29,921)25,681 (21,828–30,216)30,403 (25,657–36,026)
Patients with >150,000 parasites/μl, no. positive/total no. (%)21/228 (9.2)14/228 (6.1)29/228 (12.7)
Mean hemoglobin, g/dl (95% CI)9.7 (9.4–9.9)9.7 (9.5–10.0)9.6 (9.4–9.8)