Table 2.

Etiologies of renal failure and details of CRRT

PatientEtiology of renal failureaUrine output/ 24 h (ml)bType of CRRTBlood flow rate (ml/min)bDialysis rate (ml/h)b,c,dUltrafiltration rate (ml/min)b,dConcomitant vasoactive drug(s)
1Ischemic ATN0CVVH15019 ± 2Dopamine
2ATN 2° unknown etiology134CVVH1509 ± 8None
3Hepatorenal syndrome12CVVH15019 ± 4Dopamine
4Sepsis with MODS155CVVH15015 ± 2Dopamine, norepinephrine
5Idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura35CVVH15017 ± 12None
6Cardiogenic shock0CVVHDF150957 ± 8118 ± 2Dopamine, isoproteranol
7Sepsis with MODS29CVVHDF150857 ± 22720 ± 10Norepinephrine
8Ischemic ATN0CVVHDF150940 ± 2814 ± 1Dopamine, norepinephrine
9ATN 2° unknown etiology0CVVHDF150954 ± 4720 ± 4Epinephrine
10Rhabdomyolysis67CVVHDF150970 ± 16123 ± 7None
11ATN 2° sepsis with MODS43CVVHDF1501,000 ± 013 ± 2Dopamine, norepinephrine
12Cardiogenic shock0CVVHDF1501,020 ± 2614 ± 2Dopamine, epinephrine
  • a ATN, acute tubular necrosis; 2°, secondary; MODS, multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome.

  • b During time of pharmacokinetic sampling.

  • c Applicable only to patients receiving CVVHDF.

  • d Rates shown as means ± standard deviations.