Table 3.

Location of antibiotic resistance genesa

Gene Genus or genera
Methylases
erm(A) Actinobacillus,Staphylococcus, Streptococcus
erm(B) Actinobacillus,Clostridium, Escherichia Enterococcus,Klebsiella, Neisseria, Pediococcus,Staphylococcus, Streptococcus,Wolinella
erm(C) Actinobacillus,Bacillus, Eubacterium,Lactobacillus, Neisseria,Staphylococcus, Streptococcus,Wolinella
erm(D) Bacillus
erm(E) Streptomyces
erm(F) Actinobacillus,Actinomyces, Bacteroides, Clostridium,Eubacterium, Fusobacterium,Gardnerella, Haemolphilus, Neisseria,Porphyromonas, Prevotella,Peptosteptococcus, Selenomonas,Streptococcus, Treponema, Veillonella,Wolinella
erm(G) Bacillus,Bacteroides
erm(H) Streptomyces
erm(I) Streptomyces
erm(N) Strepomyces
erm(O) Streptomyces
erm(Q) Actinobacilus,Clostridium, Streptococcus, Wolinella
erm(R) Aeromicrobium
erm(S) Streptomyces
erm(T) Lactobacillus
erm(U) Streptomyces
erm(V) Streptomyces
erm(W) Micromonospora
erm(X) Corynebacterium
erm(Y) Staphylococcus
clr Streptomyces
ATP-binding transporters
car(A) Strepomyces
msr(A) Staphylococcus
ole(B) Streptomyces
ole(C) Streptomyces
srm(B) Streptomyces
tlr(C) Streptomyces
vga(A) Staphylococcus
vga(B) Staphylococcus
Major facilitators
lmr(A) Streptomyces
mef(A) Corynebacterium,Enterococcus, Micrococcus Staphylococcus,Streptococcus
Esterases
ere(A) Enterobacter,Escherichia, Klebsiella, Citrobacter
ere(B) Escherichia,Klebsiella, Proteus
Hydrolases
vgb(A) Enterococcus,Staphylococcus
vgb(B) Staphylococcus
Transferases
lnu(A) Staphylococcus
lnu(B) Enterococcus
vat(A) Staphylococcus
vat(B) Staphylococcus
vat(C) Staphylococcus
vat(D) Enterococcus
vat(E) Enterococcus
Phosphorylases
mph(A) Escherichia
mph(B) Escherichia
mph(C) Staphylococcus
  • a Data were taken from references1, 2, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 22, 27, 33, 34, 37-41, 43, 44, 47,48, 53-57, 59-67, 69-85, 88, 90, 93, 94, 98, 100, 105, and108-110.