Table 1.

Macrolide antibiotics and their derivatives discussed in this review

Antibiotic(s)Phenotype designationMol wtLactone ring sizeDescription
ABT-77376514Ketolide
AzithromycinAzm74915Azalide
CarbomycinCbm84216Macrolide
ClarithromycinClr74814Macrolide
Erythromycin AEry73414Macrolide
Josamycin82816Macrolide
Spiramycin I, II, IIISpi843, 885, 89916Macrolide
TelithromycinTel81214Ketolide
TylosinTyl91616Macrolide
MacrolidesM141414-member ring only
M161616-member ring only
MacAll macrolides